Achterl

125ml glass serving – the Steh-Achterl means to drink a glass of wine while standing and Flucht-Achterl is the last glass before reluctantly leaving.

acidity

One of the most important components of the grape, the must and the wine. There are many different acidities, the most significant are tartaric acid and malic acid. Other important types of acidities are citric acid, acetic acid and succinic acid. The total content of acidity in is generally between 4 and 10 g/l (the […]

aeration

Rich and full-bodied wines often require agitation or aeration prior to serving. Such wines are decanted into a carafe, so that the wine has ample room to aerate and allow the aromas to develop. Pouring the wine into a glass also helps the aeration process.

aggressive

Biting, harsh, sharp (taste) usually caused by the acidity or tannins.

agraffe

The small wire cage that secures the cork of a Sekt or Champagne bottle. Also known as Muselet.

alcohol

Common term for ethanol. During the process of fermentation, the sugars are converted partially or completely into alcohol. We differ between alcohol by volume (as declared on the label) with potential alcohol (the theoretical value if the sugars were allowed to ferment dry) and total alcohol (the sum of available and potential alcohol).

allier

This refers to the choice of French oak, named after the river and department in central France, this is used for constructing oak barrels (barrique).

American oak

A colloquial term for the choice of oak used for wooden barrels, made using the white oak from the United States. These barrels are distinctive for their pronounced roasted aromas and taste of coconut and vanilla.

American vines

A colloquial term for the non-European grapevine varieties, that originate from North, Central and South America, and do not belong to the European Vitis vinifera grape family. Common examples in Austria are Isabella, Delaware and Otello.